Galapagos Tortoises are one of the biggest land reptiles and are only found living on the Galapagos Islands. Galapagos tortoises live a quiet life that centers on eating, relaxing in the sun, or wallowing in puddles. Because they are cold-blooded like other reptiles, they like to soak in the sun to warm up. At night, they may rest partially submerged in mud, water, or brush to keep warm during cool evenings.
Galapagos tortoises are herbivores which means they only eat plants. They may eat cactus, flowers, leaves, and grasses. Male tortoises can weigh up to 500 pounds, while females are around 250 pounds. They have thick legs to hold them up, but spend much of their time laying down. Their shell is attached to their body, but it is not solid, which allows them to be able to walk easily. When threatened, tortoises can pull their body into their shell.
Galapagos tortoises mature at around 20 years old. Many live to be over 100 and the longest known lifespan was 171 years old! When mature, they will reproduce and the female will lay her eggs and bury them in the sand. Once the eggs hatch, they dig their way out of the sand and it is up to them to survive on their own!
- Galapagos tortoises can go up to a year without eating!
- Galapagos tortoises move at a speed of 0.16 miles per hour!